Expository Writing


Expository Writing is one of the popular writing styles. This form of writing is used to inform, explain and describe a concept to the readers. In expository writing, paragraphs are organized in a lucid manner so as to give readers a thorough understanding of the topic. Generally, paragraphs are limited in this form of writing and it usually begins with an introductory sentence. Expository writing form is used in essay writing in which the writer presents the main idea in an introductory paragraph, which is followed by two, three paragraphs that contain accurate facts and figures to justify the topic. Besides, it also contains a concluding paragraph that summarizes the topic precisely to the readers. 

Definition of Expository Writing

Expository writing style refers to a form of writing that informs or explains the topic in a chronological order. This style of writing encompasses a main idea along with the supporting facts and figures and a conclusion. The main objective of expository writing is to inform the readers about something informative or to expose about the truth with the help of evidences. In this form of writing, the texts are written in a specific order so as to give a better clarity to the readers. Instruction manuals, textbooks, research papers, news articles, posters, recipe book, language books and city guide are some of examples of expository writing. 

Types of Expository Writing

Expository writing form is categorized into following types. 

Types of Expository Writing

  1. Creating Cause and Effect Essays: This genre of essay explains several effects and one single cause. Through cause and effect essay, a writer describes what the cause is and what are its effects or consequences. For instance, what are the effects of global warming or effects of water scarcity, etc.
  2. Designing Descriptive Composition: Descriptive composition is about describing an event, a person, place or an idea with the help of supporting details. This form of writing is mostly used in school assignments. For example, description of a famous sportsperson, description of your favorite holiday destination. 
  3. How to do Something Essay or Process Essay:  In this type of writing, a writer explains the entire process of how to do something in a step-by-step manner. Generally, a writer provides all the information in a logical order, so that a reader can easily accomplish the task. For example, How to bake a cake, how to make a power point presentation, etc. 
  4. Covering Compare and Contrast Composition: This form of writing focuses on two or more topics. A writer compares and contrasts the topics so as to give a thorough knowledge to readers. For example, essay about Childhood vs Adulthood, High School vs College, Coke vs Pepsi, etc.  

Expository Writing Ideas 

Expository writing contains specific information about a topic. Here, some important tips are discussed that will help you in writing a good expository essay:

Expository Writing Ideas

  1. Present the main idea: Start your essay with an introductory paragraph and describe the main idea to readers in a clear and concise manner. 
  2. Provide supporting details or evidences: Clear your main point with the help of sufficient facts and figures. Collect all the evidences, facts or figures from books, newspapers or from the internet and justify your point to the readers. 
  3. Organize your points in a chronological order: Based on the type of expository essays, write and organize the information or instruction in a systematic manner. For example, if you are writing about any recipe, then first mention the ingredients and after that the method of cooking. 
  4. Give accurate details: Do not give any wrong information to readers. It is ideal to provide only that information, which you can justify through your supporting details. 
  5. Conclusion: In the last paragraph, recapitulate your essay and restate the main idea. 

Examples of Expository Writing 

Examples of Expository Writing
  1. Major Cause of Stress Among High School Students 
  2. Symptoms of Dengue Fever
  3. Online Learning Versus Classroom Learning
  4. The Advent of Cloud Computing Technologies 
  5. The Benefits of Fruits