What is Descriptive Writing?


Descriptive writing is a type of writing that gives clear and concise description of a place, people, object or an event.  The primary objective of descriptive writing is to frame an image of the place, people or thing in the minds of readers through sufficient details and allow them to feel that thing through their five senses. 

The purpose of descriptive writing: 

Definition of Descriptive Writing 

Descriptive writing is an art of describing the places, persons, objects and events using appropriate details. This style of writing draws a picture in the readers mind with the help of vivid descriptions. It involves the readers through sensory details, which include seeing, smelling, hearing, tasting and touching. In other words, descriptive writing is a way of explaining something that appeals to the readers’ senses, such as sight, smell, sound, touch and taste. Descriptive writing style is found in all kinds of writing. It is used in biographies, poetry, journal, travel writing, diary writing, nature writing, memoirs, etc.

Descriptive Writing Techniques 

A descriptive paragraph or an essay should contain all the details, which appeal to the five senses (sight, smell, sound, touch and taste) of a reader. Descriptive writing can be fiction or non-fiction writing. There is no specific rule of writing a descriptive paragraph or an essay. Here, some important tips are discussed for writing a descriptive essay or a paragraph. 

Descriptive Writing Techniques

  • Select a Right Topic:  Make sure you choose a right topic, which you can describe precisely to the readers. Your topic should have sufficient details to convince and involve the readers and paint a picture in their mind. 
  • Use Descriptive Words: It is ideal to use descriptive words while introducing the main idea. In order to make the descriptive paragraph appealing to the readers, you should provide sensory details. Include something related  to smell, sights, sounds, touch and taste. 
  • Organize all the details in a Chronological Order : In descriptive writing, every sentence should be structured coherently so as to make it clear for the readers. 
  • Use Figurative Language: While writing a descriptive essay or paragraph, make sure you include figurative language like simile or metaphor. For instance, Her smile was like a sunshine. Figurative language will add value to your paragraph and also stimulate the interest of readers. 
  • Conclusion: Conclude your paragraphs in a creative manner. While concluding, remind your readers about the thing or a place that you had described with suitable details. 

Descriptive Writing Examples 

Descriptive Examples
  1. Describe the Castle at Vincennes
  2. Describe the Beauty of Niagara Falls
  3. The Life of Princess Diana
  4. The Great Himalaya Mountain Range
  5. The Hot Fudge Sundae

Types of Descriptive Writing  

Descriptive writing type can be any form of writing. Some of the descriptive writing forms are mentioned below: 

Types of Descriptive Writing
  • Biography: A biography is a detailed description of famous people’s life. It includes many surprising facts about a person. 
  • Travel Writing: It is a kind of writing in which the writer travels different places and describe the beauty and specialty of the place in his own words. 
  • Nature Writing: Nature writing can be a nonfiction and fiction prose or poetry that describes the beauty of the natural environment. 
  • Journal: A journal can be a daily record of events or businesses. It also refers to newspapers or periodicals that are published on a daily basis.
  • Poetry: In this form of writing, rhyming words are used to express the feeling and ideas aesthetically. 

Features of Descriptive Writing 

Descriptive Writing form encompasses following features:
  1. A descriptive writing describes a thing, person or a place in a chronological order. For examples, if you are describing about a person, then you will start the sentence with his or her physical appearance that is followed by the behavior of that person, what he thinks, feels and how he acts, etc.  
  2. An ideal descriptive writing uses specific adjectives, nouns and strong action verbs in order to bring a life to an image, which is created in the minds of readers.  
  3. Generally, a descriptive writing is colorful and contains vivid sensory details that create a picture in the reader’s mind and allow them to experience it with their five senses.
  4. An important characteristic of a descriptive writing is that it makes use of figurative language. It creates an image in the reader’s mind by using similes, metaphors and analogies.