In order to improve the meaning of a piece of writing, a writer uses different types of literary devices. Generally, comparisons are made to give a better clarity to readers about a story, poetry or an article. In the English literature simile, metaphor, alliteration, idioms, etc. are some popular literary devices that play a significant role in enhancing the meaning and the image of a piece of writing. Through these literary devices, a reader not only comprehends the text, but also involves more in reading the entire story. 

Analogies also come under literary device that make a parallel comparison between two different things or ideas. With the help of an analogy, a writer compares a new idea with a familiar idea so as to make it understandable for the readers. In simple words, an analogy is the comparison of two similar ideas so as to describe a single idea. For instance, ‘dog is to puppy as a cat is to kitten’. These two things are different from each other, but they have some similarities. By using an analogy in the sentence, you can make it meaningful and interesting for the readers. Analogies are widely used in rhetoric to capture the attention of the audience. 

What is an Analogy

Analogy is the comparison of one thing to another. It is a comparison of an idea or a concept to another in order to make it meaningful for the readers. Similes and metaphors are the most common forms to describe an analogy. However, the analogy is a vast concept as compared to metaphors and similes. It is an expansion of a metaphor or simile. Let us understand the concept of simile, metaphor and analogy.
  • Simile: It compares two different ideas or things to develop a new meaning. For example, ‘She is as sweet as honey’
  • Metaphor: It is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are different from each other. For example, ‘The classroom was a zoo’ 
  • Analogy: An analogy makes a comparison between two things to show a similarity. For example, ‘He was as quiet as a mouse’ it is difficult to hear a sound of mouse, so that means he was very quiet. 

Analogy Definition 

An analogy is a literal comparison between two ideas or things that have some similar features as well as different features. In other words, an analogy is a comparison of two things that are similar in some way. For instance, ‘red is to cherries as purple is to grapes’. The purpose of an analogy is to demonstrate one thing by determining its similarities with other thing. It makes a connection between two different things and draws readers’ attention. There are several literary devices, including simile, metaphor, allegory, exemplification and parable, which come under analogy. 

Types of Analogies 

The analogy is derived from the Greek word ‘analogia’, which is an amalgamation of the prefix ‘ana’ (again, back or upon) and the suffix ‘logos’ (word, speech or ratio). Collectively, the word means similar to ‘proportion’. Analogies are categorized into following types: 

Types of Analogies
1. Simile: A simile compares two different things by using connecting words ‘like’ and ‘as’. 

2. Metaphor: A metaphor is a very strong form of analogy. It compares two things directly without using connecting words. 

3. Parable: It is a simple and didactic story that teaches some truth or illustrates an informative lesson or religious principle.
4. Allegory: It is a story in which the images, characters and events act as symbols. These symbols demonstrate more truths, historical or political situations. 

5. Exemplification: Exemplification is an illustration of something. It is an act of exemplifying.

Analogy Topics

Examples analogies are mentioned below:
  1. Poet is to poetry as author is to story 
  2. Gold is to a goldsmith as iron is to a blacksmith
  3. You are as annoying as nails on a chalkboard
  4. The sky is a sea of blue
  5. She said I am an angel
  6. My friend is a lamb
  7. The snow was a blanket
  8. The girl moved as slowly as a turtle 
  9. The shoes smelled as bad as rotten milk 
  10. The perfumes smelled as good as a rose 
  11. She was quick as a cat 
  12. The night was dark as coal