Non Restrictive Clause


Non-restrictive clause is a type of clause that does not identify the word that it modifies. It offers supplementary information and hence, it is not essential to the meaning of a sentence. It is marked separately in the sentences by putting commas. However, non-restrictive clause can be removed from a sentence without affecting the basic meaning. This clause is also known as parenthetical. 

Peter, who used to play cricket in the college team, is working in Indian railway.
The marked portion is non-restrictive clause and it imparts additional information. It does not identify the noun. Without the non-restrictive clause or the marked part, the meaning of the sentence will remain same.

Examples of Non-restrictive Clauses:
  1. I went to Paris with my friend’s uncle, who is a doctor.
  2. John, who is still studying in the college, will come at evening.
  3. Serena, who was quite lazy in the school days, is now working as a journalist.
  4. I will go to for the movie with my friends, who are coming here for vacation.
  5. Sunil Gangopadhyay, who wrote many novels including ‘Jomoj Kahini’, was a famous Bengali writer.
  6. John, who went to Singapore, is a scientist. 
  7. Ronny’s friend, who is a staying in abroad, is a chemical engineer.
  8. Sam, who is a fashion designer, in now working as a social worker.

Non-restrictive Clause Definition

A non-restrictive clause is also referred as non essential clause and it is an adjective clause.  This clause adds nonessential or extra information to the sentences. However, the meaning of the sentence will not change if the clause is removed. Non-restrictive clauses are usually detached by using commas.

Roger, who was playing football in the school team, is working in a private bank now.
The text which is underlined is non-restrictive clause as it imparts additional information. Without the marked part, the meaning of the sentence will remain same.

The Difference between Non-Restrictive Clause and Restrictive Clause

The differences between Non-restrictive Clause and Restrictive Clause are mentioned here.
  1. Non-restrictive clause may begin with ‘wh’ words and restrictive clause generally starts with ‘wh’ word or ‘that’.
  2. Non-restrictive clause provides extra or additional information about the preceding subject, whereas restrictive clause imparts essential information.
  3. Non-restrictive clause is separated from the main sentence by using commas or parentheses, but restrictive clause is not detached from the main sentence.