Interjection

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An interjection or sometimes called the exclamation is a word used to signify a specific emotion or sentiment on the part of the speaker or feeling of the author. Interjections are words or phrases used to exclaim or protest or command. Many times an interjection is accompanied by a punctuation mark, often an exclamation mark or a comma. They sometimes stand by themselves, or are placed before or after a sentence.

Example:
  1. Ouch! That hurts.
  2. Well, I need a break.
  3. Wow! What a beautiful dress!
  4. Groovy! IAU demotes Pluto!!!
  5. Oh, snap! The principal announced a sudden test every fortnight for the entire high school. 


Interjection Definition

In short, an interjection is a word added to a sentence to express an emotion or a feeling such as surprise, joy, enthusiasm, disgust, or excitement. Therefore to capture short spurts of emotion, Interjections can be used as a single word, or a phrase, or a short clause that connects the facial expression or body language of an individual.

Features of Interjections:
  • Interjections do not have a grammatical purpose in the sentence and are not associated to the other parts of the sentence. 
  • Interjections are short exclamations like Oh!, Uh, Um, Wow!, Yikes!,  or Ah! 
  • Interjections can stand alone.
  • If an interjection is omitted, the sentence still makes sense. 
  • Interjection is a big name for a little word. 
  • Interjections are like emoticons. 
  • They have no real grammatical value but we use them quite often, usually more in speaking than in writing
  • Interjections do not modify anything, and does not get modified by anything. 
  • Interjections do not play the role of a subject or a verb. 
  • Interjections are punctuated with an exclamation mark or a comma. Comma is used if the emotion isn't strong. 


List of Interjections

The lists of interjections used in English language are extremely long, just like the list of adverbs or adjectives. More or less any word or phrase can be used as an interjection, if it is inserted into a sentence to carry an emotion. For example, if you injured yourself, you might say “Darn! That hurt.” You could, however, also say “Ouch! That hurt.” Or “Dang! That hurt.” Or “Gee! That hurt!” Darn, Ouch, Dang, Gee  would be the interjection  or… well, as you know, this list could go on and on.

The list of Interjections are mentioned below:

A: aha, ahem, ahh, ahoy, alas, argh, aww, achoo, absolutely, alrighty, amen, anyhoo, anytime, attagirl, awful, attaboy, as if, anyhow
B: bam, bingo, blah, boo, bravo, brrr, behold, bless you, bye
C: cheers, congratulations, come on, chin up
D: dang, drat, darn, duh, dear, doh, dear me
E: eek, eh, eureka, encore, easy does it
F: fiddlesticks, fair enough, fiddle-dee-dee, fooey
G: gadzooks, gee, gee whiz, golly, goodbye, goodness, good grief, gosh, geepers, good job, great
H: ha-ha, hallelujah, hello, hey, hmmm, holy buckets, holy cow, holy smokes, holy dog, huh?, humph, hurray, hi, hooray
I: indeed, is it, I say
J: jeez, just kidding, just a sec, just wondering
M: my gosh, meh, most certainly, my my, my word
N: no, now, nah, no thanks, never, no way
O: oh, oh dear, oh my, oh well, oops, ouch, ow, okey-dokey, oopsey, oyez
P: phew, phooey, pooh, pow, please, pff, peace, psst
R: rats, ready, right, right on, roger,roger that, rumble
S: shhh, shoo, shoot, shucks, see ya, sleep tight, snap, sorry, sssh, sup, sigh, shame
T: thanks, there, tut-tut, ta-da, there there, time out, toodles, touche, tsk, tsk-tsk
U: uh-oh, uh-huh, ugh, umm, urgh
V: very well, voila, vroom
W: wahoo, well, whoa, whoops, wow , whatever, whee, when, wuzzup, why
Y: yeah, yes, yikes, yippee, yo, yuck, yay, yoo-hoo, you bet, you don't say, you know, yow, yum, yummy
Z: zap, zounds, zowie, zzz, zing.

Interjection Examples

Lets look at a few examples of Interjections in order to understand the examples perfectly while its placed in sentences.
  • Hurrah! We’ve won!
  • Alas, she’s dead now.
  • Bah! That was a total waste of time
  • Bless you, I couldn't have done without you.
  • Ah! It feels good.
  • ‘Oh! You both know each other.’
  • ‘I’m going.’ ‘Eh?’ ‘I said I’m going.’
  • ‘What do you think of my new hairstyle, eh?’
  • ‘Hey! Where are you going?’
  • ‘Oh! I’ve got a bad headache.’
  • Shoot! I forgot my brother’s birthday.
  • Humph, he probably cheated to make such good grades.
  • Phew! I am not trying that again.
  • Pip pip! Let’s get moving.
  • Humph! I knew that last week. 
  • ‘Well, we are not exactly interested in this.’
  • Yowza! That's an astrophysicist dancing in the hallway!
  • Good! Now we can move on.
  • Jeepers, that was close.
  • Crikey! Do you ever think before you speak?
  • Gesundheit! Are you starting to get a cold?
  • Good grief! why are you wearing that shirt in monsoon.
  • ‘I’ve won.’ ‘Eh! Really?’
  • ‘Hmm. Let’s me see.’
  • Oops, I’m sorry. That was my mistake.
  • Geez! Do I need to do it again?
  • Holy macaroni! Emily has switched her major to maths.
  • Oh, I didn’t know that.
  • Yes! I will do it!
  • No, I am not going to go there.
  • Yo, will you throw the ball back?
  • Um, here is our proposal.
  • Hmm. You really need to be on a diet.
  • Nope. That’s not what I want.

Types of Interjections

Here are the basic kinds of interjections:
  1. Interjections for Greeting - these include: Hello! , Hey! , Hi! Etc
  2. Interjections for Joy - these include: Hurrah! , Hurray! , Wow! Etc
  3. Interjections for Approval - these include: Bravo! , Brilliant! , Well done!
  4. Interjections for Surprise - these include: Ha! , Hey! , What! , Oh! , Ah! , Eh! Etc
  5. Interjections for Grief/Pain - t hese include: Alas! , Ah! , Oh! , Ouch! Etc