Independent Clause


An independent clause is a group of words, including a subject and a verb and it expresses a complete thought. An independent clause can use as a sentence. 
Independent and dependent clauses are the building blocks of sentences. A single independent clause can be a sentence, by itself. An Independent Clause expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. An independent clause, like all clauses, has a subject and verb.
  1. Jonathan is preparing for his final Math exam.
  2. I enjoy reading books sitting by the fireplace.
  3. She wants to visit some tourist places in Delhi.
  4. It is good to learn the basic steps first for Math.

However, an independent clause can stand alone and it does not need any other clause. It carries a complete meaning. Independent clause has three components.
  • A subject
  • A predicate
  • A complete thought
A simple subject and verb can make an independent clause.
  • Jenni reads.
  • Here, ‘Jenni’ is the subject and ‘reads’ is the verb and it expresses a complete thought.

However, two independent clauses can be joined together by using the proper punctuation. In that case, two clauses should be related. 

  • Jim watched the movie; he enjoyed the movie thoroughly.
  • Here, both the sentences are related and hence, they both are joined with a semicolon. It is a complex sentence.

Independent marker word-

An independent marker word is a word that is used at the starting of an independent clause. These words usually begin a sentence that can stand alone. If the second independent clause in a sentence has an independent marker word, then a semicolon is required before the independent marker word.

Joshua is preparing for his Math exam; however, the noise of the house disturbs him a lot.

Some common independent markers are mentioned here: Consequently, also, furthermore, moreover, however, nevertheless, and therefore.

Independent Clause Definition

An independent clause is a clause that contains a subject and a verb and can stand as a simple sentence. Most importantly, this clause expresses a complete thought.

  • Let’s start the journey.
  • The dress material is defective.

Independent Clause Examples

Some examples of Independent clause are mentioned here.

  1. I will inform her about the vacation plan.
  2. The professor always comes to the class with notes.
  3. Cheetahs are known as the fastest land animal.
  4. We can hardly wait to see the live performance.
  5. Cycling is my favorite activity during the summer vacation.
  6. She plans to visit some historical places in Northeast India.
  7. The view of the Himalaya is breathtaking.

Examples of Independent Clauses joined together:

  • I went to the mall, but forgot to carry the debit cards.
  • Today is Sunday and the exam starts from Monday.
  • She has not only bought two dresses, but she took matching accessories.
  • I want to watch the movie, but tickets are not available.

Differences between Independent Clause and Dependent Clause

  1. An independent clause consists of a group of words along with a subject and a verb and it provides a complete thought, whereas dependent clause includes a group of words, including a subject and a verb, but it does not provide a complete thought. 
  2. An independent clause gives a complete idea, whereas dependent clause does not express an entire idea.
  3. An independent clause can stand alone, whereas dependent clause cannot stand alone.
  4. An independent clause can stand as a sentence, but a dependent clause cannot form a sentence.
  5. An independent clause starts with an independent marker word, but a dependent clause usually begins with a dependent marker word.