Conjunctions

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A Conjunction is a word that "joins" words or groups of words in a sentence. Conjunctions simply joins two parts of a sentence. They may be small words, but conjunctions are extremely useful and very vital for making sentences. Conjunctions are therefore used to avoid the sentence seem like bullet points and help in easy flow of text.
Examples:
  • I like chicken but not fish.
  • If it is raining, I will not be able to drive. 
  • Neither my mom nor my dad will be able to attend the party on Sunday. 
  • I like both cats and dogs.  
Definition: Conjunction is a part of speech  that joins to connect sentences, words, phrases or clauses. The common conjunctions such as and, but, for, or, nor, yet, and so join the elements of a coordinate structure.


Types of Conjunction

There are three types of conjunctions: 

  1. Coordinating Conjunctions: Coordinating Conjunctions coordinate or join two or more sentences, words, clauses, or parts of speech that are independent or equal. The English language has seven coordinating conjunctions, and they’re easy to remember if you can just remember FANBOYS:
  • F = for
  • A = and
  • N = nor
  • B = but
  • O = or
  • Y = yet
  • S = so
Example:
  1. This batch of chicken stew is savory and delicious.
  2. You can eat your pastry with a spoon or fork.
  3. Daniela refuses to eat peas, nor will she touch lettuce.
  4. I am a vegetarian, so I don’t eat any meat.
  5. Adam’s comment was blunt but effective.

Remember these points while you begin sentences with coordinating conjunctions:
  • Ensure that the coordinating conjunction is instantly followed by a main clause
  • Use coordinating conjunctions to begin sentences only when it makes your writing more effective.
  • Even though commas usually follow coordinating conjunctions used in parts other than the beginning of a sentence, they should not be used after coordinating conjunctions that are used to open sentences unless an interrupter immediately follows.

2. Correlative Conjunctions: Correlative conjunctions correlate, working in pairs to join phrases or words that carry equal importance within a sentence. Correlative conjunctions come in pairs, and one has to use both of them in different places in a sentence to ensure they work. Correlative conjunctions include pairs like:
  1. “both/and,” 
  2. “whether/or,” 
  3. “either/or,” 
  4. “neither/nor,” 
  5. “not/but” 
  6. “not only/but also.”
Example:
  • Petula is both intelligent and beautiful.
  • Ruth is not only intelligent, but also very funny.
  • Would you rather go shopping or spend the day at the cafe?
  • If that is the case, then I’m not surprised about what’s happening.
  • No sooner had I put my umbrella away, than it started raining.

Remember these points while you begin sentences with coordinating conjunctions:
  • When using correlative conjunctions, ensure verbs agree so your sentences make sense. 
Example: Every morning, either quarreling neighbours or loud music wake Joanna from her sleep.
  • When you use a correlative conjunction, ensure that the pronouns agree. 
Example: Neither Gloria nor Sally expressed her annoyance when the cat broke the vintage lamp.
  • When using correlative conjunctions, be certain to keep parallel structure intact. Equal grammatical entities need to be used into the entire sentence. 
Example: Not only did Jessica grill barbeque for Antony, but she also fixed a steak for her dog, Chloe.

3. Subordinating Conjunctions: Subordinating conjunctions are parts of speech that join dependent clauses to independent clauses they include at least two clauses, with one of the clauses being main (independent) and the other being subordinate (dependent). Subordinating conjunctions include:

after  because  in case (that)   provided (that) till  whether 
although  before  insofar as  since  unless  while
 as  even if  in that  so that  until  why
 as far as  even though  lest      supposing (that)     when     by the time   
    as soon as       how      no matter how     than     whenever     every time
 as if  if  now that  that  where  
 as though     inasmuch as     once  though  wherever  

Example:
1. I don’t want to go to the movies because I hate darkness.
2. When the doorbell rang, my dog Stallone barked loudly.
3. I paid Larry, whose garden design work is top-notch.
4. As soon as the alarm started, I hit the snooze button.
5. Once you pop, you can’t stop.

A subordinate conjunction performs two functions within a sentence:
  • Firstly, it clarifies the importance of the independent clause. 
  • Secondly, it provides a transition between two ideas in the same sentence. The transition always indicates a place, time, or cause and effect relationship. 

Conjunction Examples

Mentioned below are the examples of Conjunctions:
  1. Jeru saw a dog on the road and decided to adopt the dog, so he brought the dog home.
  2. Since he had misbehaved, rohan were given one week suspensions from school.
  3. Just as she loves hiking so she loves travelling as well.
  4. The postman is running away and the dog is chasing him.
  5. Both the shoes and the dress were completely overpriced.
  6. I will be late to the party, for I am working until seven.
  7. Simeon does not like the mountains, nor does he like the ocean.
  8. I love chocolate, yet I do not eat chocolate ice cream.
  9. Fred wants beans or carrots for supper.
  10. She was late to work, so her boss made her stay after five.
  11. I want to go see a movie, but my brother has my car.