English Grammar represents a set of rules through which students can write sentences correctly. Therefore, learning English grammar is required for the students to learn their academic discipline precisely. It guides students in making sentences, and to convey the messages properly. However, grammar is an important part of learning in any language subject accurately. Grammar shows the right way to use nouns, verbs, adverbs and adjectives in a sentence while expressing the thoughts and opinions to the readers. It shows the relationship between the words and the connections between two different sentences.
In brief, it is the base of a language and by following the rules of grammar, students learn English enthusiastically. Nonetheless, English grammar shows students how a sentence can be used in a right way or a wrong way. It helps students to put a comma or semicolon in a right place in a sentence so that readers can understand the meaning of the write up. There are many rules that guide students while writing the sentences or phrases. Without grammar, the English writing is incomplete as it acts as a glue that holds the words in a right sequence and expresses the meaning.
A big yellow beautiful vase is broken due to my mistake.
Here, ‘big’, ‘yellow’ and ‘beautiful’ are three adjectives and these are used in a sentence by following a right sequence.
The inappropriate use of grammar can make any sentence meaningless. Which in turn makes the reader unable to understand the message.
Students the reference study materials usually practice during their test preparation.
Here, the sequence is not correct and hence, the meaning of this sentence is unclear. It confuses the readers.
However, the importance of learning English grammar is immeasurable as it allows students to communicate with others effectively. Students must follow the steps to learn grammar in thoroughly. In short, it is worthy to learn English grammar to master this subject. For instance, first, students need to understand the ‘sentence’. Consequently, they can learn the types of sentences such as Declarative Sentence, Interrogative Sentence, Imperative Sentence and Exclamatory Sentence. At the same time, they should understand the application of period, exclamation point and question mark at the end of each sentence.
Delhi is the capital of India.
Will he do yoga to stay fit and calm?
Alas! They lost the football match.
Kinds of Grammar
Grammar is an accumulation of rules that helps us to communicate with others in a right way. According to grammar rules, sentences can be correct or incorrect. It gives an in-depth information about the language. However, six types of grammar are available in English.
Descriptive Grammar: This kind of grammar is used to gauge the body of the text of the written material. It describes the grammatical creation of a language based on its linguistic aspect.
Prescriptive Grammar: This kind of grammar is focused on the structure of language.
Pedagogical Grammar: It refers to the description that how to use the grammar of the English language. This grammar follows some linguistic theories and it is applied for the target audience. However, it holds a middle position between Descriptive Grammar and Prescriptive Grammar.
Theoretical Grammar: It is related to the language in general. It is the study of the necessary components of any language.
Reference Grammar: It is related to grammatical descriptions, which are used as reference. It contains the explanations of the principles related to phrase, word, clause and others.
Traditional grammar refers the school grammar. It is based on the principles of Latin grammar.
Rules of English Grammar
To make the readers understand about the meanings of sentences, students must follow some basic grammar rules. Thus, they can make each sentence accurate as well as understandable.
Some rules are mentioned below:
- Students should use correct words to express the meanings
- A sentence should start with a capital letter
- In a sentence, one noun and one verb should be included
- A sentence should have a complete meaning
- Avoid using double negative words such as not, never
- Appropriate punctuation is needed at the end of each sentence
- To express the ownership, apostrophe is needed to be used in a sentence. Example: Ryan’s parents went to Darjeeling.
- Students should divide their write up into paragraphs whenever it is about a same subject/topic Subject and verb should be matched. If the subject is singular, then ‘s’ or ‘es’ should be added at the end of each verb.
Example: I go to market. He goes to market.
- When connecting two thoughts in a sentence, then students must use a comma or proper conjunction to make the structure accurate.
Example: Students practice sample papers for their revision, but using worksheets is also a good option.
- When two lines of thoughts express the similar meaning, then those lines can be joined with a semicolon (;) Example: Bob should take care of his diet; he should go to the gym.
- Use of proper tense is needed to make each sentence correct and meaningful. If the sentence expresses present time, then the present form of a verb should be used.
- Ron practices old Math question papers every day.
- Ronald went to his native during the summer vacation.
- Rexy will join us in Denmark, in the next week.
- Sentence should not end with a preposition
- Students should avoid using a conjunction at the beginning of a sentence
- Paragraphs should be completed with at least five, six sentences
How to improve English grammar
Learning a language needs time as well as concentration. To Learn English thoroughly, students must follow certain basic rules, especially, the basic grammar rules. It is not a one day work or a weeks work. Students should understand the structure of a sentence and the types of different sentences, parts of speech and the correct application of each part of speech, tense and others. They need to go through these chapters one by one and practice lots of exercises to master this subject.
Common Pronoun: He/ she/ His/ Her/ There are some common pronoun and these are used in places of a noun.
Example: Students attend the practical classes on Thursday and Friday. They attend theoretical classes on the other days.
Jasmine is very shy. I spoke to her regarding the career.
Tense: Present, Past and Future tenses should be applied as per the situation.
Preposition: Prepositions are important as these help in making sentences meaningful. Preposition usually come before the noun. Some common prepositions are above, about, against, below, beside, in front of, in spite of and others. Students must learn the application of the preposition to make sentences grammatically correct.
Conjunction: It is an important part of speech that connects two words, phrases or two sentences. Different types of conjunctions are available in the English grammar, including coordinating conjunction, subordinating conjunctions, conjunctive adverbs and correlative conjunction. Students must understand the application of each conjunction to make their sentences appropriate.
Voice: Students can use active voice. It is easy to frame a sentence in an active voice.
I broke the glass due to my mistake. (Active voice)
The glass had been broken by me due to my mistake. (Passive Voice)
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